Dating spode china marks

The first Chinese porcelain dates from as early as the Han Dynasty, a couple of hundred years AD.They had discovered the secret of superheating clay until it transmuted into glass, giving the characteristic mix of translucence and toughness.And this of course was the engine of London’s economy, the docks both north and south of the river. For most East Enders, ‘home’ was a set of rooms rather than a building, and families tended to be loyal to their area rather than sentimental about houses. Was about 40 of us in there.’ And if rents were low, there were greater savings to be made by cramming extra people in.

He was a gifted miniaturist, engraver and expert in mezzotinting and enamel work, and one of his first commissions was to paint the Prince of Wales, for the Saddlers’ Company.

But Frye was also a keen inventor and in his experiments with china clay he discovered a method of making porcelain out of bone ash.

The East End (and Bermondsey south of the river) stand out among a sea of switched-on areas, including the City, Greenwich and the Borough.

They may have only been in the queue — nonetheless the contrast is striking. Around Stepney and Whitechapel, most families were crammed into once-grand houses that by the early years of the 20th century had been subdivided and sublet many times.

‘You’d pack up when you owed a few bob rent, put your things on an old barrow for tuppence or threepence which you’d hired, and you’d move to somewhere else,’ recalled Stan Rose.

Or if you were unlucky, the superintendent and his team got to you first. and get the money back owing to them.’ Neighbours, sympathetic perhaps but keen on a bargain, would snap them up.

In 1744, Frye and his partner, Edward Heylen took out a patent for the production of artificial soft-paste porcelain.

The inventors and manufacturers of porcelain in England called their product “New Canton”, a nod to the pottery from the Far East with which they hoped to compete.

More than a millennium later, even the geniuses of Renaissance Italy couldn’t crack the recipe — Medici porcelain, in 16th century Florence, proved both too soft and too opaque.

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