relatedwww sibdating ruforum www sibdating ru 2016 - Dating the enemy part 3

The second pillar of Japanese morale is deep personal devotion to the Emperor.

Impressed local inhabitants, with carts if the country is suitable, supplement their carrying powers, whilst opportunities to seize local supplies are never neglected. has despatched sentry groups and is in the midst of constructing defensive positions on the plateau south of the pasture in the PANAPEI district, and on the seacoast of PANAPEI. Company Commander's Decision.—This Company, following the secret operational Order No. 3 Special Landing Unit, will construct defensive positions along the coastline of the Seaplane Base south of NUAN and perfect the defensive preparations against the ocean front. The tasks of troops patrolling at night vary from drawing fire in order to discover our positions, to determine raids in which attempts are made to overwhelm small posts. If not brought quickly to battle and destroyed small holding forces are often reinforced, until finally the block becomes a well organized position defended with the greatest determination. At the same time machine guns— light or medium—deny the road to unarmoured troops. (ii) that there is a light tripod in use for the L. Its function appears to be that of a " hide " from which the garrison can either patrol at night or ambush our own patrols. In such thick country movement along nalas is generally the only alternative to cutting a path, and therefore the chances of ambushing a patrol? Fire lanes were cut as far as the nala and a carefully camouflaged sniper's-post had been constructed in a large tree which covered the arear. The position to be attacked would be subjected to very heavy dive-bombing and artillery fire during the day. They had withdrawn from the line Butbedaung—Maungdaw, and were occupying positions along the general line Myohaung—Rathedaung—Donbaik.

The Japanese soldier has been trained to carry up to 58 lbs., which is what Napoleon's troops carried when they marched to Moscow—but their total load included 15 days rations ! Drawing fire is, however, by far the most common activity. Reports from New Guinea describe how once, strong patrols (30, 60 or 120, are the figures quoted) were employed by the Japanese whose " movements were similar to those of troops in an encounter." It is clear from the account given, that these were small aggressive detachments which advanced along jungle tracks until they made contact with our troops ; they then endeavoured to hold them frontally whilst sections or platoons tried to outflank them through the jungle. Blocks are normally covered by an infantry gun sited about 50 yards from the block in a position from which it can fire straight down the road. Sites chosen invariably include cover on both sides of the road in which troops protecting the flanks of th& road block conceal themselves. Part of the Mayu River area, showing the flat plain with occasional nullahs a and wooded hills, 2. A Dogra unit captured the position before the garrison had an opportunity to become active. Site.—This is a common type of defended locality sited on a small hill. Assault troops in parties of ten would stalk the position, making such good use of ground and cover that they were rarely seen. In the Kaladan valley the opposing forces were not in contact with each other. During the early hours of the 21st February a Japanese force estimated at between 200 and 300, advancing from the East, attacked our small post at Kaladan, the garrison of which withdrew to Paletwa (15 miles North of Kaladan).

Training for the Japanese has been so thorough that every man will keep plugging until his own part of the main mission is completed. (2) The HQ Platoon Commander must lay telephone lines between the 1st and 2nd positions. Vehicles.—Five trucks (for transporting units and moving men). The Japaneseadvanced into Malaya and Burma using reproductions of British Ordnance Survey maps upon which Japanese translations had been super-imposed. This double attack has sometimes been described as two thrusts—one made against Brigade H. Forward troops infiltrate, taking advantage of all available cover to creep forward.

Long experience has taught even the privates what must be done before a mission is completed, and discipline, lack of imagination, and fatalism, drives them on despite losses. (In case there is more than 2 distribution of positions). (Even those who are unable to participate in the actual battle on account of illness, must arm and stand by at the 'Company Headquarters). Assembly Point.—East side of the Company Headquarters. Armaments, and ammunition carried by troops—As prescribed by the Landing Unit. One machine gun carrier (for use in commanding and liaison). The information which these maps provided was supplemented by a detailed study in peace time of the probable area of operations. This is in the nature of a battle reconnaissance which goes to ground when held up by the defenders fire but brings light machine gun and mortar fire to bear on any positions it has discovered.

Japanese moral training instils a strong religious belief; " Comrades who have fallen !

"When I received my mobilization orders, I had already sacrificed my life for tny country. The morale from which such feelings of self-sacrifice spring, is based on an attitude of mind assiduously cultivated from a very early age.One gets the impression that the perfect solution to a tactical problem is a neatly performed strategem, followed by an encircelment or a flanking attack driven home with the bayonet. Rustling and shaking of bushes is another ruse fco entice nervous firing and movement." 5. As the opposition stiffens the normal attack develops, and this is discussed in the next Chapter. In conclusion the reader is reminded that speed, infiltration, early envelop ment and an unlimited advance are the aims of every Japanese Commander in this type of operation. Japanese methods of attack have often been described and all available information on this subject is summarized in Sections 3 and 4 of this Chapter. Whilst attack by single or double envelopment is undoubtedly attempted, a study of Japanese offensive operations indicates that envelopment may be an end in itself; in fact by placing bodies of troops across their L. the Japanese compel their opponents either to attack them or withdraw. Japanese strategy and major tactics in the offence against well equipped forces offer the defender two alternatives—to attack the Japanese often on ground favourable to the defence, or to give up ground.This allows of the commanders to demonstrate their ability and the men to show their courage and ferocity in hand to hand fighting. " The English Army possesses mechanical mobility but lacks manoeuvrability therefore a quick deeisive battle should be sought by outflanking and encirclement." 1. There are, however, certain features of envelopment, as distinct from actual attack, which will have important bearing on any operations in which we are forced on the defensive, and these are discussed in the next Section. Section 5 is devoted to a study of the application to operations in the Arakan of the mobile warfare methods described in this Chapter. In the first Burma Campaign, from the time that the Japanese crossed the Salween River at Moulmein until the last action at Shwegyin on the Chindwin there are very few recorded instances of deliberate attacks. to hold which would cause us the maximum embarrassment and the focal point of the battle which ensued was often a road block. Reconnaissance.—Attacks are preceded by careful reconnaissance in which various ruses are employed in order to discover the location and extent of enemy localities.The enemy retreated across the open country NE where they were caught by our arty..." Our counter attack cost the enemy about 103 killed, of which 73 have been checked over not counting those killed and wounded by our arty...." A prisoner of war describing the action said—" The fire fight developed in earnest at about thirty yards range and then the bayonet charge which followed completely overran our position. The shape of the actual gun emplacement has varied during the Japanese occupation of Burma. Also they will probably be accompanied by tanks or armoured cars. This gun is carefully sited and protected and difficult to dislodge. If possible the leading elements infiltrate, and once behind the forces opposing them they fire crackers and automatic weapons in order to give the impression that they have, in large numbers, encircled their opponents. If the advanced elements are not able to infiltrate they take up a position astride the road and, supported by machine guns and mortars, endeavour to pin the opposition. They were too fast to be in danger, but an immediate reply awaited our own troops who opened fire.I was wounded twice in the chest and before losing consciousness saw my comrades beat a hasty retreat ". To quote from an American appreciation : " Japanese tactics in general are based on deception and rapid manoeuvre. Immediately after their occupation varying designs were in evidence but laterly the type of emplacement has been standardized and the type shown in the diagram above is now far the most common. Instances have occurred where Japanese have crawled forward to covered positions close up to our F. Ls., and, in English, called upon specifically named persons to reveal themselves or come forward.Their plans are a mixture of military artistry and vain-glorious audacity ". Rather was their superior mobility used to force us to attack troops who had succeeded in occupying a position behind us. Infact the Japanese fought defensively in country peculiarly suited to the defence. Trees are shaken in order to draw fire, defending troops are addressed in their own language in the hope that they will respond and small parties are used as bait for enemy fire.

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