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It joined the European Economic Community (EEC), the predecessor of the European Union, in 1973.

The state had no formal relations with Northern Ireland for most of the twentieth century, but during the 1980s and 1990s the British and Irish governments worked with the Northern Ireland parties towards a resolution to "the Troubles".

The Irish government has followed a policy of military neutrality through non-alignment since immediately prior to World War II and the country is consequently not a member of NATO, The Constitution of Ireland, adopted in 1937, provides that "the name of the State is √Čire, or, in the English language, Ireland".

After the Home Rule Bill passed parliament in May 1914, to avoid rebellion with Ulster, the British Prime Minister H. Asquith introduced an Amending Bill reluctantly conceded to by the Irish Party leadership.

This provided for the temporary exclusion of Ulster from the workings of the bill for a trial period of six years, with an as yet undecided new set of measures to be introduced for the area to be temporarily excluded.

), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's 4.75 million inhabitants.

It was officially declared a republic in 1949, following the Republic of Ireland Act 1948.

Ireland became a member of the United Nations in December 1955.

From the Act of Union on 1 January 1801, until 6 December 1922, the island of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

During the Great Famine, from 1845 to 1849, the island's population of over 8 million fell by 30%.

The strong economic growth from this transformation led to a period of excessive private sector borrowing (highest in OECD), financed by excessive bank leverage (also highest in OECD), which became known as the "Celtic Tiger".

When Irish banks lost access to global capital in the global economic crash, the ensuing credit collapse caused a severe property collapse, and ultimately a full banking collapse.

One million Irish died of starvation and/or disease and another 1.5 million emigrated, mostly to the United States.

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